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1. Amref Health Africa in Kenya
2. Caritas Kenya
3. Caritas Meru
4. Caritas Mombasa
5. Caritas Switzerland
6. Catholic Diocese of Embu
7. Centre For Social Planning and Administrative Development (CESPAD)
8. Cewas
9. Community Asset Building and Development Action (CABDA)
10. Conservtz
11. CREATA
12. Drilling for life
13. Friends of Ngaya Forest Limited
14. Hakijamii
15. Igembe North Development
16. Indeginious Information Network (IIN)
17. Institute Of Environment and Water (IEWM)
18. Kenya Red Cross
19. Kenya Water for Health Organization (KWAHO)
20. Living Water
21. Maji Zima
22. Ogra Foundation
23. Reconcile
24. Safe Water and AIDS Project (SWAP)
25. Sana International
26. Support For Tropical Initiatives in Poverty (STIPA)
27. Transparency International Kenya
28. Umande Trust
29. Wash Alliance Kenya.
30. Water.org
31. Wetlands International
32. WSUP

Kenya losses USD 324 million per year due to poor sanitation (World Bank, 2012), and 19,500 Kenyans, Including 17,100 children under 5 die each year due to diarrhea. Communities’ knowledge on desirable behaviors and their willingness to adopt these desired practices are greatly influenced by their surroundings. Certain aspects and conditions must be met for these communities to adopt desired behaviors and also to ensure that they do not relapse. 

 

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Description of context

Rural sanitation continues to present a significant service delivery challenge related to poverty alleviation, disease burden reduction and sustainable development in Kenya. In the recent years, there have been innovations and approaches towards service delivery to reach the unserved in the rural areas with a policy shift to community based approaches and initiatives that attempt to overcome the supply-led complex solutions of the past decades.

Following the Millennium Development Goals, the world has set a collective Sustainable Development Goal of universal access to basic sanitation services by 2030 which is more ambitious and more nuanced, aiming at universal access and with specific references to ending open defecation, moving up the sanitation service ladder, and improving equity and inclusion. Kenya has committed itself to progressively meet the Sustainable Development Goals.

Even with the commitment, in Kenya basic sanitation services are not accessible to the majority of the population. The result is that the poor are deprived of decent and dignified lifestyles leading to deterioration of health, wellbeing and human environment.The Joint Monitoring Programme (2013), estimates that only 32 percent of the rural population had access to improved sanitation of which 72 percent predominantly consisted of simple pit latrines providing varied degrees of safety, hygiene and privacy. Overall, the national open defecation rate is about 14 percent, which masks massive regional disparities.


About the Kenya Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Programme (K-SHIP)